Fermentation station

Saturday, September 15, 2007

kimchi

Traditionally, kimchi is a pickled vegetable buried in a clay vessel underground to ferment over the winter.  It’s classically Korean, and Americans primarily see kimchi take the form of cabbage - good, hot, pickled cabbage.  I’ve been making cabbage kimchi for years, although it is not the standard fermented variety.  Up until recently, I was a little afraid of home fermenting experiments.  With the success of the sauerkraut trial, though, I’m over it.

And so my real kimchi experiment begins!

A bunch of small Daikon radishes came in this past week’s CSA share.  What better way to use the Daikon than to make them into kimchi?

First things first: I had to find Korean ground chile paste.  A trip to the H-mart in Upper Darby provided a massive wealth of choices.  I cannot tell you what brand I purchased because the brand name is in Korean.  However, I snuck a taste at home and it was the perfect choice.  This kimchi is going to be fabulous!  I picked up a ginger root, as well, and the project was off to a great start!

So here’s the recipe:

    1 head garlic (cloves separated and peeled) 2 pcs. of ginger root (1-inch) 2 Tbsp. Korean ground chile 2 Tbsp. Salt 2 large Daikons (peeled and cut into 1-inch cubes) - or in my case, one bunch of small Daikons 1 bunch of Swiss chard (chopped into 1-inch pieces) Sugar

Whirl the ginger, ground chile, salt and garlic (from my garden) in a food processor until it’s minced.  Place the chile mixture and Daikon radish (from the CSA share) in a large ziploc and mix together.  Really mush the chile mixture into the Daikon - make sure it’s absolutely covered with chile mixture.  Grab a couple of freshly sterilized canning jars (wide mouth pint jars work best for this) and load the Daikon in until the jars are about a quarter full.  Layer in some swiss chard (from the CSA share) and sprinkle a bit of sugar on top of the chard.  Layer in more Daikon until the jars are half full.  Layer in more swiss chard and sugar.  Layer in more Daikon until the jars are 3/4 full, and top with more swiss chard and sugar.  Wipe the threads of the jar to remove any bits of stuff that fell over the jar, and screw the lids on really tight.

Burying your jars underground for the Winter is not necessary for fermentation, I’m happy to say!  In fact, you need only find a dark, cool space and place your jars in there for a few days.  The kimchi should ferment within three to four days.  My recipe says not to disturb the jars while they’re fermenting, and you’ll know they’re fermenting because water will rise from the vegetables.  I made my kimchi last night and I can already see the fermentation process in action.

When the kimchi is done fermenting, refrigerate the jars.  It should last for about a month in the fridge.  I have three pints and a half pint of kimchi currently fermenting.  I love kimchi, but enough to eat four jars of it in a month?  Probably not.  My plan is to keep two jars, give one jar away to a friend, and put one jar through a water bath.  I really want to see if the texture of the Daikon is negatively affected by the water bath.  Certainly canning pickles for long-term storage is a common practice, so why not kimchi?

Posted by Nicole on 09/15 at 02:34 PM


On the lamb

lamb

We’re not big red meat eaters at my house.  When I do get the yen for red meat, though, it’s usually lamb.  For the last year I’ve been buying lamb from the Fair Food Farmstand.  They carry a few different vendors’ lamb, but I most often have the Bixby’s Farms lamb.  It’s absolutely delicious!  This week I bought two packages of loin chops.

The marinade I used for the chops is simple - 1/4 cup red wine vinegar, 2 Tbsp. chopped fresh rosemary, 1 Tbsp. chopped fresh thyme, 1 tsp. minced fresh garlic, 2 Tbsp. olive oil, and a couple grinds of pepper.  It’s a great marinade mostly because the rosemary, thyme, and garlic are right out of my garden.  Marinade the chops for 1-4 hours, and you’re ready to go.  I like lamb pretty rare, so the chops get grilled on high for about 4 minutes per side.

As a side, I made mashed celery root, potato, and garlic - yum!  And all local, too!

Posted by Nicole on 09/15 at 07:17 AM


Beet and goat cheese stacks

Friday, September 14, 2007

We are a one beet-eater household.  I adore them; my husband thinks they’re vile.  Because the opportunity to make lunch or dinner only for myself rarely materializes, I don’t make beets very often.  Today, though, I took a sick day off from work and started to feel better toward lunchtime, so I figured I’d make something soothing and comforting.  There just happens to be a bag of beets from Paradise Organics and a big old chunk of Shellbark Hollow Farms sharp goat cheese in the house right now, so it seemed a clear choice: roasted beet and goat cheese stacks with sorrel from the garden.

beets2

Eating this made me feel loads better - it’s pretty to look at, didn’t take a lot of effort to prepare, and has a lot of flavor without being hard on the stomach.  It’s the perfect sick day food!

I started by roasting the beets in a 375 degree oven for about 30 minutes.  After peeling the skin off the beets, I sliced them up and let them cool.  A quick walk to the garden procured a bit of the sorrel, which was then cut into chiffonade using kitchen shears.  The cheese was warmed to room temp, making it very easy to handle.  Putting the layers together was a snap.  The only ingredient that wasn’t locally grown was the balsamic vinegar I drizzled over top before eating.

Posted by Nicole on 09/14 at 11:24 AM


Taste testing the pawpaw

pawpaw (by JustBackfromCHICAGO)

Before scooping up my CSA share, I shopped a bit at the Fair Food Farmstand in Reading Terminal.  I really wanted to buy a round of LeRaysville Cheese Factory‘s Sommelier cheese and a carton or two of brown figs, but was out of luck with the fruit.

While I was there I picked up a few packages of lamb chops from Bixby’s Farms and a few celery roots (which are destined to become tomorrow’s dinner).

The nice lady who works the stand on Thursday gave me a taste of the new pawpaws they got in from Green Meadow Farm.  I only recently learned that pawpaws are native to Pennsylvania, although I’ve never tasted one until today.  They sort of have the texture of avocado with a sort of tropical flavor.  I’m not entirely sure that I like them.  Still, I did get to wondering what something like pawpaw butter (you know, like apple butter) might taste like. 

Posted by Nicole on 09/14 at 06:31 AM


Challenge meal week one

Thursday, September 13, 2007

For the first week of the September Challenge I wanted to make something simple. I’ve had some short ribs from Meadow Run Farms in the freezer so I figured what’s easier than braising some beef for a couple of hours. I found a couple of recipes and narrowed it down to the simplest. I set the meat out to defrost, decided I’d roast some potatoes to go with it and steam some green beans. I went out and bought a couple of bottles of local Cabernet. Then around 3.30 I got home and realized I’d lost the stupid recipe. I searched my browser history hoping it would turn up but it didn’t so I browsed my cookbooks and epicurious until I found a similar recipe and a good hour after I wanted to I got to work.

The biggest problem was that I didn’t RTFR. (thank you Smitten Kitchen for the perfect acronym.) I spent hours slaving over a hot stove in my un-air conditioned kitchen on a hot, humid Philadelphia summer day. The initial recipe called for all of the cooking on the stove top in a dutch oven, but the other recipes all called for the short ribs to braise in the oven. Never having made short ribs before I wasn’t willing to mess around. My dutch oven’s so large that cooking the potatoes in the oven was out so I decided to use my leeks and make mashed potatoes with leeks and thyme instead. Since I had a leek or two left over I found a recipe for swiss chard with leeks and made that instead of the green beans.

All of the cooking was extremely hands on and hot and by the time it was ready to eat I’d lost interest completely.  The worst part was that the ribs weren’t even all that good. The chard and potatoes were fantastic, but the ribs just weren’t as flavorful as I would have hoped. And seriously, braised short ribs with mashed potatoes would have been fine on a crisp, almost fall day like today, but it was not an appropriate meal for last Saturday’s stickiness.

At least my husband liked it.

csa.8.9

Braised Short Ribs with Red Wine

Short ribs- Meadow Run Farms
Chicken stock- made from chicken from Meadow Run farms
Cabernet- Chadd’s Ford
Rosemary- my garden
basil (instead of sage)- my garden
Carrots- Lancaster, Pa via Farm to City farmer’s market
Onion- Red Earth Farm
Garlic Red Earth Farm
not local- salt, pepper, tomato paste, oil, bay leaf

Mashed Potatoes with Leeks and Thyme

Potatoes- Red Earth Farm
Leeks- Red Earth Farm
Thyme- my garden
Milk- Merrymead Farm
not local-salt, pepper, butter

Seared Rainbow Chard with Leeks

Chard-Red Earth Farm
Leeks-Red Earth Farm
not local, butter, oil, salt, pepper

Posted by Jackie on 09/13 at 07:48 PM


CSA Weekly Report: Lancaster Farm Fresh

csaweek2

Just a few more weeks left in the Lancaster Farm Fresh CSA program!  This week we’re treated to sweet potatoes and daikon radishes, two things we’ve not seen in the shares this year.  Alas, this week also heralds the return of lettuce.  While it’s lovely lettuce, indeed, my heart broke just a little to see it.

This is what’s in this week’s share:

    1 bunch of daikon radishes from Elm Tree Organics 1 5lb bag of red norland potatoes from Green Valley Organics 1 head of red leaf lettuce from Scarecrow Hill Organics 8 red slicing tomatoes from Countryside Organics or Scarecrow Hill Organics 1 bag of sweet stuffing peppers from Meadow Valley Organics 1 bunch of rainbow swiss chard from Meadow Valley Organics 1 3lb bag of beauregard sweet potatoes from Busy Bee Acres

The stuffing peppers are really tiny little things.  They might be good baked and stuffed with tuna.  My husband has already laid claim to the sweet potatoes - he demands sweet potato fries!

It’s the radishes that I’ve got plans for, though.  It will become kimchi, something I’ve been craving recently.  Coincidentally, I found an interesting-looking recipe that calls for the addition of mustard greens.  I do believe I can substitute swiss chard for that. Fun!

Posted by Nicole on 09/13 at 06:17 PM


James and Sly Fox Beer Dinner

Wednesday, September 12, 2007

James' Cornish Hen

On Monday, September 17, 2007 at 6:30 p.m., Chef Jim Burke of James is teaming up with Brewmaster Brian O’Rielly of Sly Fox Brewery for James’ Inaugural Beer Dinner.  This five course dinner will be made with local/seasonal ingredients and will be paired with local beers from Sly Fox.  The menu will feature the following dishes and beer pairings:

Hors d’oeuvres
The chef’s selection of hors d’oeuvres will be paired with Sly Fox’s Saison Vos, a Belgian style ale brewed with German Pils malt, hopped with East Kent Goldings and fermented with a special proprietary yeast that gives it a dry, spicy character.

1st course
Mussels in soppressata broth with olive crostini, which will be paired with Sly Fox’s Pikeland Pils—a light-bodied, Northern German style Pilsner brewed with imported German Pils malt and hopped with German and Czech hops.

2nd course
King salmon confit with crisp apple salad and potato rosti, which will be paired with Sly Fox’s Phoenix Pale Ale, a medium bodied American Pale Ale brewed with British Pale and Crystal malts and hopped with Centennial and Cascade hops from the Pacific Northwest.

3rd course
Poularde, which was recently awarded Best Entrée by Philadelphia Magazine, served with a wild mushroom fricassee.  The Poularde will be paired with Sly Fox’s Octoberfest, a smooth, medium-bodied, malty brew made with German Vienna malts and German hops.

4th course
Pork loin with melted shallot and fennel jus, which will be served with Sly Fox’s Incubus, an Abbot Style Triple brewed with German Pils malt and invert sugar.

Dessert
Beer mousse, almond cake and brown butter pears served with Sly Fox’s Instigator, a classic, full-bodied German-style doppelbock brewed with German Munich and Roast malts and Hallertauer hops.

The price for this event is $65 per guest, tax & gratuity not included.  Seating is limited.  For reservations, call Kristina at 215-629-4980.

James
824 S. 8th Street
215-629-4980

 

Posted by David on 09/12 at 07:59 PM


CSA Weekly Report: Red Earth Farm

CSA 2007 #9

This week’s share:

Pimiento peppers (new to me)
Chioggia beets
Leeks
Green beans
Swiss chard (young, tender, and not bitter)
Sungold cherry tomatoes (not shown—to be roasted for a pasta sauce)
Gala apples (from buying club)

Posted by Yoko on 09/12 at 07:52 PM


A late Headhouse Square market report

farmers market haul 9-9

This last Sunday, my friend Shay and I headed down to the Headhouse Square to be there at the beginning of the market.  I had learned my lesson from my previous trip when there hadn’t been much left in the final hour of the market.  At 10:15 am it was already crammed with people.  One thing that Shay pointed out that I hadn’t really noticed before was how most people patiently wait in line to be served at this market.  She said she had never seen anything like it before, and now that she mentions it, I realize she’s right.  Normally there’s more of a cluster effect at markets, as opposed to this peculiar lining up. 

It seemed like the vendors were a bit sparse as well.  I wonder if the fact that summer is over (at least in terms of our mental calendar) is keeping some folks away.  Despite all that, there was still lots of good stuff to be had.  I spent $19.60 and came home with many goodies. 

6 ears of corn
1 red pepper
2 green peppers
2 white eggplants (2 for a $1!)
1 bunch beets
2 gnarled heirloom tomatoes
1 dozen eggs
1 bag lemon balm
1 bunch of broccoli
1 bunch basil

Posted by Marisa on 09/12 at 03:14 PM


Grow some garlic!

It may be coming up toward the end of gardening season for some of us, but if you’re a garlic lover this is only the beginning.  Garlic is to be planted four to six weeks prior to the first frost date.  In Philadelphia that’s October 15, which puts garlic planting prime time…right now!

I planted garlic in my garden for the first time last year, and I must say that it was one of the most rewarding garden crops I’ve grown in quite some time.  I had no idea what was going on underneath our rather clay heavy soil.  It was a total surprise when I dug up the garlic, and I had the added benefit of getting to harvest the garlic scapes.  The Purple Glazer variety I planted was gorgeous.

This year I’m planting the German Extra Hardy.  This hardneck variety has white outside skin, but a dark red clove skin.  It’s a very Winter-hearty garlic, even though we really don’t have very cold or snowy Winters around here anymore (now watch, I’ve said this and jinxed us all for this year).  I plan to get out into the garden to plant this weekend.

If you’ve never planted garlic before, I heartily recommend it.  It doesn’t take up a lot of space and you can even grow garlic in containers if you don’t have a yard.  Last year I grew about 25 heads of garlic in a 2 x 3 foot space.  That’s a little crowded, but it didn’t make a difference in taste or the size of the heads.  One word of caution: do not use garlic that you’ve purchased at a grocery store.  Commercial garlic growers use breeds that are specifically made to retard sprout growth.  You can use most varieties sold by a farmer you trust, or you can order garlic online (Ebay is an especially great place to order garlic, believe it or not).

To plant garlic directly into the ground, take a bulb of garlic and divide it into cloves right before planting.  Plant the clove root-end down about an inch below the soil.  Plant each clove about four inches apart.  Before planting, consider amending the soil with a bit of well rotted compost and a good, complete fertilizer.  Keep the plot well-weeded, as garlic does not like competing plant life.  But you can pretty much forget about the garlic until next Spring.

To plant in a container, fill a big pot with some good soil mix and make sure you’ve got great drainage in there.  You can keep the pots outside in a sunny spot unless it’s really, really cold…just make sure they get water.

In any case, next Spring you’ll get garlic scapes.  And then when the garlic plant above the ground is about 80% brown, you harvest the bulb.  I think I did that in late July or early August this year.

There’s nothing like fresh garlic!

Posted by Nicole on 09/12 at 10:39 AM


CSA Weekly Report:  Blooming Glen Farm

Tuesday, September 11, 2007

It’s mid-September and so the board list is getting shorter:

CSA crop share 2007 #16 - 0911 - 01

CSA crop share 2007 #16 - 0911 - 02
(Click photo to read notes at flick’r regarding names and quantities of this week’s share.)


Congratulations and celebrations to Blooming Glen founders and farmers, Tom and Tricia, who are getting married this weekend. Lots of love and peace to you both!

<3

Posted by Mikaela on 09/11 at 06:27 PM


Birchrun Blue

Birchrun Blue

The other day I wandered into DiBruno’s and asked for what they had that’s locally produced.  Despite getting the new guy in the cheese cave, he immediately pulled out the Birchrun Blue.  I have been happily munching on it since then.

Birchrun Blue is an aged, natural rind, raw cow milk (from pastured cows) blue cheese produced by Birchrun Hills Farm in Chester Springs.  Birchrun Hills is relatively new to cheesemaking, only cranking out cheese for a few years now.  Of course, they’ve been the dairy business much longer than that.  It’s an absolutely wonderful blue cheese that will even appeal to those that are not blue cheese fans.

The Birchrun Blue has a lovely creamy texture and a delicate blue cheese taste, nice and earthy.  It’s perfect with slices of apple, and a fantastic melting cheese.  I made burgers using some ground beef from Natural Acres and melted some of the Birchrun Blue on top - it was delicious!  The rind is vaguely brie-ish, although pretty intense, flavor-wise.

Birchrun Blue can, as I said, be found at DiBruno Bros., and also at the Fair Food Farmstand in Reading Terminal Market, as well as several farmer’s markets in the area.

Posted by Nicole on 09/11 at 08:52 AM


Baking the Green Zebras

Monday, September 10, 2007

Baked Green Tomatoes

I was trying to think of some way of using the Green Zebra tomatoes that didn’t involve putting them in a salad. As much as I love fried green tomatoes, I’m trying to cut down on fried foods, so that also wasn’t an option. I decided to bake them, thinking that the high heat would temper the tartness.

I sliced the tomatoes, put them in a baking dish, sprinkled them with salt and pepper, and drizzled some olive oil. In a saucepan, I sauteed an onion, a clove of garlic, and a bell pepper (all from a previous CSA share) in a little olive oil until they were soft, then I spread them over the tomatoes. I then covered the top with grated Pecorino Romano cheese and put it in a 400-degree oven to bake for 25 minutes. When they were done, I sprinkled some chopped fresh basil (also locally grown) and served the tomatoes as a warm side for dinner.

To my surprise, baking the tomatoes brought out the tart taste rather than mellowing and sweetening them. They were still delicious, though. Green zebras might just be better for pickling if you like sour pickles, I think, but give them a try if you can get hold of them.

Posted by Yoko on 09/10 at 10:19 PM


Challenge update - week 1

The first week of the September Eat Local Challenge is over!  How did we all do?

  • Anj and her partner, Sue, made an amazing looking frittata with bread salad!  And everything was local except the salt, olive oil, and balsamic vinegar - impressive!
  • Sue made Baba Ganoush using some lovely eggplants from Livengood Farms.  The recipe sounds delicious!
  • Naomi and her dad went on a canning free for all!  They put up “applum” jam (apple and plum), grape-ginger jam, raspberry-lime jam, and apple-tomatillo chutney - most from locally grown ingredients!  Additionally, Naomi made herself a locally grown meal - salad, a cabbagey marinated salad with SE-Asian style dressing, and roasted potatoes. Yum!
  • Jeanne had a huge week in local food!  She shopped at the Rittenhouse Square Farmer’s Market for the first time, and she swung by the Schuylkill River Park Wednesday Farmer’s Market where she found honey crisp apples from Highland Orchards.  She froze chopped zucchini, chopped onions, and rasperries, and plans to freeze carrots and more zucchini this week.  Jeanne’s local meals sound excellent - local bread with homemade strawberry jam; oven fries with local potatoes and BBQ baked local tofu (commercial BBQ sauce); panzanella with local heirloom tomatoes and Metro Bakery bread.  And last but not least, she found some locally produced foods at Whole Foods - Severino Pasta, made by a family-run business in Haddonfield, NJ, and ZenSoy chocolate pudding, made by a family-run business also in NJ.
  • I made raspberry jam out of raspberries my husband and I picked at Linvilla, and I made some really excellent tomato sauce last night using the huge glut of tomatoes from the CSA share and my garden.  I also roasted and froze bell and hot peppers, and made baked, breaded eggplant cutlets to freeze.  Eight ears of corn were also boiled and de-kerneled, and then frozen.  And the local meal for the week was steaks from Natural Acres and honey roasted Delicata squash from the CSA.

Missed the report deadline for last week?  Add your progress report in the comments!

Posted by Nicole on 09/10 at 03:34 PM


Baked eggplant cutlets

Eggplant was a foreign thing in my household growing up.  They were certainly available, but my mother had no idea what to do with one.  In fact, she still doesn’t - last Summer she called and asked how to make eggplant parmesan for my vegetarian cousin.  My people just don’t know from eggplant, I guess.  And while I like eggplant and do know how to prepare a mean eggplant parm, my experience with eggplant is still so limited my first instinct is always to go with what I know when faced with eggplant.

Eggplant cutletsIt should come as no surprise that the eggplants that came in my CSA share last week are on their way to becoming eggplant parm.

Well, sort of.  Who wants eggplant parm when it’s 90 degrees outside?  Not me.  So the eggplants are now hibernating in my chest freezer, made into baked and breaded eggplant cutlets.  So they’re halfway to eggplant parm.  I imagine that one day this Winter I will want to hug myself for thinking to have locally-grown, organic eggplant cutlets put up.

Making breaded eggplant cutlets is a breeze, but you do need to plan ahead a little.  Eggplant has a way better texture for cutlets if you salt and press the slices before breading and baking.  So slice up the eggplants about a 1/2 inch thick.  Put down a plate covered by a paper towel and put down a single layer of eggplant slices.  Sprinkle salt on the eggplant slices (I like to use sea salt for this).  Put down another layer of paper towel on top and another single layer of eggplant and salt.  Repeat until you run out of eggplant and end with a paper towel.  Now put another plate on top of that and weigh it down with something.  You don’t want to use anything too awful heavy, but something that’ll weigh down the top plate a little.  The salt will draw the water out of the eggplant and the paper towel sops up some of the extra water.  Just walk away for about an hour.

In the meantime, preheat your oven to 450 degrees.

OK, whisk and egg or two with a bit of water blended in.  Put out a plate of bread crumbs.  Depending on how much salt you used, you might want to brush some of the salt off your eggplant cutlet prior to dipping it in the egg.  And after you dip the eggplant in egg, coat the cutlet in bread crumbs.

Bake in a 450 degree oven for five minutes.  Flip the cutlets and bake another five minutes.

Let them cool, layer them on wax paper, and freeze in a freezer bag.  There you go: baked eggplant cutlets for a snowy day.

Posted by Nicole on 09/10 at 10:07 AM


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